In Hinduism, multiple theories exist about creation. Different Puranas give different ideas about creation and procreation. Upanishads give a different perspective. According to Jnanis, the whole creation is a product of our mind only.
If you are looking for some equivalent to Adam and Eve, then Brahma Puranam gives it. Lord Brahma gave birth to a man and a woman from his own body. The man was named Svayambhuva Manu and the woman was named Shatarupa. Humans are descended from Manu.The word manava to represent man came from ‘Manu’. For that matter, linguists may claim the word Man in English indeed came from Manu.
The statement that Manu and Satarupa were the first created human species appear in several other puranas too and there are different versions of how they were created. For example, Padma Purana says Manu and Satarupa are the first of several males and females that came from Lord Rudra’s Artanari swarupa (Half female form) when he split the body into two as per demand from Lord Brahma — the male half of the body producing 11 males and the other half producing females.